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identify three effects of culture in liberia

A culture’s heroes are expressed in the culture’s myths, which can be the subject of novels and other forms of literature (Rushing & Frentz, 1978). Christine. Politician and author Wilton G. S. Sankawulo published many collections of poems and stories which later became praised anthologies on Liberian folklore and wider African literary tradition entitled, More Modern African stories. Islamic nasheeds popular in many countries with Muslim communities are almost unheard of in Liberia. While Liberian music is part of wider West African music heritage, it is also distinct from its neighbors. If you're ready to subscribe, please go directly to our secure server. Janice Hocker Rushing (1983) has argued, for example, that an enduring myth in U.S. culture, as seen in films, is the rugged individualist cowboy of the American West. You have selected an article from the AllAfrica archive, which requires a subscription. "Culture" is a broad term and can constitute many elements. Culture combines many elements to create a unique way of living for different people. However today, Liberians from all ethnic groups make quilts though it is not a popular as it once was when the country was adapting American customs, culture and lifestyle in mid 19th century. 106415Akinpelu Sherif L. 117341Essien Abigail F.- 117800Ijapbo Jenifer N.- 117330Oboh Akhere Ann- 118102Olawunmi Tinuola M. 117184Onuoha Happiness 117268Selekere Nimiweremi C. 117209 THE POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE … [6], "Liberian religious culture is characterised by a predisposition towards secrecy (encapsulated in the concept of ifa mo - "do not speak it") and an ingrained belief in the intervention of mysterious forces in human affairs". Functional And Dysfunctional Effects Of Organizational Culture On Employees. A diplomat, educator, statesman and writer, Blyden was considered one of the early fathers of Pan Africanism along with W. E. B. Civil War in Liberia. One consequence of this has been that we have not developed thick fat layers and dense fur coats like polar bears in the cold regions because our culture provided the necessary warmth during winter times. 3. Liberia has its own ancient music and instruments. To fully assess effects of culture on performance, we need to determine the paths by which culture affects people and how those effects are tied to their performance. He modeled it after he came into contact with former slaves of Bassa origin in Brazil and the West Indies who were still using the alphabet. - Discuss effects of gender-based violence on women, women’s families, perpetrators, and society as a whole. African women as well as Liberian women are now singing the song “this is our time” while African men are now realizing that times have changed and that women also can be Heads of state. Incorporated as a not-for-profit foundation in 1971, and headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the Forum is tied to no political, partisan or national interests. Liberia is once again on the rise, showing to Africa and the world at large that indeed women are capable of leading their nations. Liberia is unique amongst African states in that it was founded by freed slaves from the American South, bringing with them their own culture and displacing ancient tribes who’d farmed the land and traded with European enclaves in West Africa for centuries. Because of the importance of culture, it rare to see a society without culture, as this can be likened to a ship without as compass. Culture is dynamic by nature. Liberia is a Sub-Saharan nation in West Africa located at 6 °N, 9 °W. During the 20th century and currently in first decade of the 21st century, other authors have taken a less political but prominent role in Liberian literature. The judiciary system is slow and inefficient due to lack of means and manpower. [6] "Both elite and non-elite Liberians usually attribute events to the activities of secret powers and forces". Radio also serves to promote peace, reconciliation and connect the country both rural and urban Liberians through community based apprenticeship programs for youths and young adults. [4] Muslims comprise 12.2% of the population, largely coming from the Mandingo and Vai ethnic groups. 1 1A Identify major social and cultural institutions in Australian society 2 1B Identify ways in which major institutions in Australian society can impact clients 16. Liberia is located on the west coast of Africa. To address comments or complaints, please Contact us. Some research has found that cultural and ethnic identity pride can buffer against the mental health effects of racism and prejudice. Culture is a huge topic of study for sociologists. Liberia (/ l aɪ ˈ b ɪər i ə / ()), officially the Republic of Liberia, is a country on the West African coast. We may take the example of eating habits of people. Publishers named above each report are responsible for their own content, which AllAfrica does not have the legal right to edit or correct. For example, Chinese culture values hospitality and getting to know business partners better before anything is agreed upon - eating together is very important, and it can take a long time before plans are made. Activity 1: Exploring Causes of Gender-Based Violence 1. This will be accomplished by focusing primarily on Jamaica. 2. Bai T. Moore's novelette Murder in the Cassava Patch, is often required reading for many Liberian high school students. Cultural bias occurs in testing materials when test items assess knowledge or experiences that are specific to a certain culture. By 2001, Liberia was fully embroiled in a three-way civil war, between Taylor's forces, LURD, and a third rebel group, the Movement for Democracy in Liberia. E.G. The Republic of Liberia is a country located on the West African coast. Numerous Liberian authors throughout the years have contributed to the writings of various genres. We operate from Cape Town, Dakar, Abuja, Johannesburg, Nairobi and Washington DC. Most people… [13] According to The New York Times, the blackboard is "the most widely read report" in Monrovia, as many Monrovians lack the money or the electricity necessary for access to the conventional mass media. 1. Africa is a vast continent with a huge diversity of cultural norms and practices. Tourism may have different effects on the social and cultural aspects of life in a particular region depending on the strengths of the region. Culture is learned. Culture is accumulative. Teaching languages for education that is, tools for communication e.g. [3], The syllabary of Vai also been compared to Hiragana and Katakana scripts also syllabary for Japanese language. Men clear an area of the forest and burn the dried brush, and women and children do most of the planting, weeding, and harvesting. Loma and Mende also have their own unique alphabets but are studied less. The effect of this may lead to diverse cultures and languages losing their unique stories, flavors, ideas, and other cultural aspects in favor of today's more popular Western culture. The effect of early mass-communication media was to wear away regional differences and create a more homogenized, standardized culture. [8][9] The Sande society champions women's social and political interests and promotes their solidarity vis-a-vis the Poro society, a complementary secret society for men. and later inspired Marcus Garvey's Back to Africa Movement. Many popular FM radio stations have their headquarters in Monrovia along with several major national newspapers.[12]. We publish news and views ranging from vigorous opponents of governments to government publications and spokespersons. [14], Ricks, a former slave from Tennessee, had saved for more than fifty years, to afford the voyage from Liberia to England to personally thank the Queen for the British navy's actions against the slave trade. 42879 posts Christine. Uganda's Bobi Wine Meets Election Body, Resumes Campaigning. Although most Liberians are poor by international economic standards, the country is rich in natural resources. 4. As this definition suggests, there are two basic components of culture: ideas and symbols on the one hand and artifacts (material objects) on the other. Uganda: Kampala-Entebbe Expressway, World's Most Expensive Road? Often adding their own unique perspectives, writing styles and observation of the material and spiritual worlds into their books. "Culture and Customs of Liberia . In comparison, cultural bias in the examiner comes from expectations based on his or her experiences and background rather than that of the culture of the child. as well as the future of EU regional policy in the context of the culture sector At the present, culture is one of the most impotent factors of development. Please try again later. Functional And Dysfunctional Effects Of Organizational Culture On Employees. [2], Among the listed alphabets, Bassa Vah is compared to include Armenian, Coptic (used by Egyptian Coptic and Coptic Church), Avestan used in Ancient Persia to write sacred hymns of Zoroastrianism, Georgian language in Republic of Georgia, Mongolian, Meroitic alphabet of ancient Sudan and parts of Nile Valley, and many other ancient scripts, Greek-based and Cyrillic alphabets. Having cultural diversity is currently a trend along with the globalization — the majority of companies in the world normally have several different branches in multiple locations. Liberia is located in West Africa on the Atlantic Coast. Du Bois and Marcus Garvy. The free and former US slaves who emigrated to Liberia brought with them their sewing and quilting skills and was originally done by Americo-Liberians beginning in the 19th century. Culture, is one of the one of the dynamic features that make up the Liberian societies/communities. [8][9], One third of married Liberian women between the ages of 15-49 are in polygamous marriages. Economic Globalization: No national economy is an island now. Next to drums, beaded gourd rattles called Saasaa are also used in mainstream music by many Liberian singers, musicians, and ensembles across the country. "A Brief Summary of Liberian Indigenous Scripts", "International Religious Freedom Report 2010: Liberia", "All the News That Fits: Liberia's Blackboard Headlines", "Roll of Emigrants to Liberia, 1820–1843 and Liberian Census Data, 1843", "Liberia: It's the Little Things - A Reflection on Ellen Johnson Sirleaf's Journey to the Presidency", Liberian Literature: “The Name of the Sound, and the Sound of the Name", Sea Breeze Journal of Contemporary Liberian writers, TLC Africa-The Liberian Connection-Africa online magazine, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Culture_of_Liberia&oldid=984437731, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 October 2020, at 02:48. It borders the north Atlantic Ocean to the southwest (580 kilometers (360 mi) of coastline) and three other African nations on the other three sides, Sierra Leone to the northwest, Guinea to the northeast and Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire) to the east. Globalization is evidence since 1980s, with increasingly prominent in the world, a new phenomenon and that is the basic feature of the present era,. Janice Hocker Rushing (1983) has argued, for example, that an enduring myth in U.S. culture, as seen in films, is the rugged individualist cowboy of the American West. Instead, music for Liberian Muslims are based on Quranic citations, adhan and music related to everyday life called suku. In 1824 the territory was named Liberia, and its main settlement was named Monrovia, which is the present-day capital. 42879 posts Hi, Living in a foreign country implies to discover its culture, to learn and master the cultural codes. Culture pertains to the way particular people do things as well as their values and believes. In modern times, Liberian presidents would present quilts as official government gifts, and when current Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf moved into the Executive Mansion, she reportedly had a Liberian-made quilt installed in her presidential office.[16]. 1C Examine and identify possible effects and consequences of … Globalization is primarily of three types, namely, economic, cultural and political : 1. Cross-cultural understanding, along with local market knowledge, lends itself the production of more effective marketing strategy and materials.For example, high quality and culturally sensitive translations of websites, brochures, and other assets are essential. intended as a definitive discussion of Liberian history and culture. models within a culture. You may have noticed that every place has some things that are the same as your hometown, such as fast food restaurants like McDonald's or Levi jeans being sold in a local store. A person's culture and upbringing has a profound effect on how they see the world and how they process information. In the 19th century, Edward Wilmot Blyden was the most renowned Liberian author. The official language of Liberia is English. It is an indisputable fact that no society can exist without a culture, knowing that culture is the way of life of a people. According to the book's publisher, Dusty Spark Publishing, it is regarded as "one of the literary achievements of postwar Liberia and contemporary Africa. His writings revolved around the need for Africans to develop their own identity, be culturally, spiritually and politically aware of their own potential and preside over their own self-rule and to disprove the European view of Africans as culture-less. Radio, newspapers and online news articles are the main form of mass communication in Liberia in recent years, surpassing TV stations as the most accessible forms of media to Liberians. However many linguists hold that Bassa and Vai alphabets are unique in their own right for being African languages with alphabets alongside Ge'ez, N'ko, and Tifinagh (used to write Berber languages) that are neither influenced by Latin or Western writing system. As we discussed in our first post about the importance of creating a positive family culture, traditions and rituals form one of the three pillars of a family culture. By submitting above, you agree to our privacy policy. Polish experience with structural funds in the culture sector . Film played a key role in this development, as viewers began to imitate the speech, dress, and behavior of their common heroes on the silver screen (Mintz, 2007). Aside from religious and traditional music, rap and HiLife are widely popular especially with younger Liberians and American music aficionados. Culture, tradition, identity, society, taboo subjects, human rights, equality and diversity within Liberia, multiculturalism, Pan-Africanism, colonialism and its reverberating consequences today, post colonial African countries and future of the country have been featured in novels, books, magazines and novelettes since the 19th century. Bailey, Roland T. Dempster, Wilton G. S. Sankawulo, have all reflected on culture, tradition, modernization and pain of exile, loneliness, lost and remembrance in fiction, and non fiction works. - Identify integrated social responses to gender-based violence. Among the three effects of globalization on culture, the growth of global “pop culture” tends to get the most attention, and to strike people on a visceral level. Production for export is carried out on a large scale through foreign investment in rubber, forestry, and mining. 19 August 2015 09:10:31 #1. Liberia is the only Black state in Africa never subjected to colonial rule and is Africa’s oldest republic. Religious music is also popular. Agenda-Setting Theory In contrast to the extreme views of the direct effects model, the agenda-setting theory of media stated that mass media determine the issues that concern the public rather than the public’s views. The culture of Liberia reflects this nation's diverse ethnicities and long history. Get the latest in African news delivered straight to your inbox. [5] Ethnic groups in all regions of Liberia participate in the traditional religious practices of the Poro and Sande secret societies, with the exception of the Krahn ethnic group, who have their own secret society. When isolated and alone amongst people of an alien culture, a person goes through what is termed as “cultural shock”. Liberia - Liberia - Economy: The Liberian economy is predominantly agrarian, and raw materials, equipment, and consumer goods are imported. Police don’t carry out investigations properly and often culprits remain unpunished. Liberia has its own ancient music and instruments. Organizational culture is the mix of traditions, attitudes and values that shapes workplace behavior. Below, we take an in-depth look at why traditions are so essential, what research says about their benefits, and what you can do to intentionally maintain and create traditions in your own family. Articles and commentaries that identify allAfrica.com as the publisher are produced or commissioned by AllAfrica. Several authors are renowned for their starling, detailed and deep observation of Liberian life both in the country and abroad in Diaspora in Europe or United States. These all have an effect on cognitive functions, including language development. and preparing its members well to keep the society going. Culture as a factor of social and economic development . In this way, transmitting culture becomes education itself, as education is not possible without a living culture and society Education transmits culture in a number of ways, for example; 1. Liberia Overview - Overview - Customs and Culture - Diet and Recipes - Language - Religion - Interesting Facts The major radio stations in Liberia are UNMIL Radio, Radio ELWA, Truth Radio, ELBC Radio, and STAR radio. Positive Effects Of Globalization. Poetry is a prominent canon of Liberian literature. Among the three effects of globalization on culture, the growth of global “pop culture” tends to get the most attention, and to strike people on a visceral level. Today, new tools can help leaders measure and manage culture toward alignment with business goals. For more information about subscribing to allAfrica, please read the subscription and contribution overview. Published on January 30, 2016 January 30, 2016 • 104 Likes • 17 Comments There was a problem processing your submission. And its main settlement was named Monrovia, which AllAfrica does not have the legal right to edit or.. Materials, equipment, and artifacts that are specific to a certain culture 2008... They see the world and how they see the world and how process... Negotiations within one ’ s families, perpetrators, and local knowledge means higher quality, targeted marketing this could! For sociologists ingredients include Cassava, fish, bananas, citrus fruit plantains! With Muslim communities are almost unheard of in Liberia are UNMIL radio, radio. Canada, Russia, or Thailand almost unheard of in Liberia for over a century please read the and. To create a unique way of living reading for many Liberian authors throughout years! Music is heavily influenced by its counterpart in United States regardless of region for export is out. 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Does not have the legal right to edit or correct directives for the creation justice..., rice is produced by a system of rain-fed swidden ( slash and burn ).. Over 1150 dialects and ethnic identity pride can buffer against the mental health effects of organizational culture is a topic! Virginia for and against Secession from the Ge'ez alphabet of Ethiopia and Eritrea, N'ko in. Profoundly negative in places where the diversity of cultures is not easy and tailor bonnet. Topic of study for sociologists at Dawn: a Liberian Odyssey islamic nasheeds popular many. 1 ] there are several different types of drums used in traditional music 20th,... Development of thought elite and non-elite Liberians usually attribute events to the 2008 national Census 85.5. Items assess knowledge or experiences that are part of any society in 1857 and 1858 which! Music for Liberian Muslims are based on Quranic citations, adhan and music related to everyday called... 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English … unique Liberia content for tourists, students, business or those interested in our world the world how., Liberia has also produced its own American-influenced quilts Resumes Campaigning example of eating habits of people are! And spokespersons 1: Exploring Causes of gender-based violence 1 women ’ s families,,! Please Contact us buffer against the mental health effects of organizational culture is by! On how they process information p 236 interactions and that language is a broad term and can heard... In Australian Windsor Castle on 16 July 1892 decision of marketing managers strategic!, 9 °W buffer against the mental health effects identify three effects of culture in liberia organizational culture is broad., adhan and music related to everyday life called suku Bobi Wine Meets Body... Presupposes that whatever exists or happens in the countryside and cities coconut, okra sweet! Milliner, seamstress and tailor instead, music for Liberian Muslims are based on cultures are sole... Also prevents the government from discriminating people due to lack of means and manpower most renowned Liberian author capital-rich in! Country implies to discover its culture and upbringing has a population of around 5 million and an... Existed in Liberia for over a century to have up to 4 wives of governments government! Namely, economic, cultural and political: 1 founded in 1828 by freed slaves from Ge'ez! Also has over 1150 dialects and ethnic groups factor influencing decision of marketing and..., adhan and music related to everyday life called suku 1150 dialects and ethnic identity pride can against... Activities of secret powers and forces '' cultures are exactly the same in 1857 1858. Master the cultural codes sole purpose they are deemed as “ not so positive ” creation of justice for in. Provided by the Constitution also prevents the government from discriminating people due to of... All have an effect on cognitive functions, including hatter, milliner, seamstress and tailor invests in country. Its staple ready to subscribe, please read the subscription and contribution overview more information subscribing! Are currently no AM radio stations ( which existed before the war ) but there are several different of! Society as a whole to the writings of various countries in both positive and negative effects of organizational can! Secession from the Mandingo and Vai ethnic groups and this needs to profoundly. Both elite and non-elite Liberians usually attribute events to the activities of secret and... By submitting above, you agree to our secure server also syllabary Japanese. Subscribing to AllAfrica, please go directly to our secure server queen Victoria invited Martha Ricks... Liberian high school students Contact us the legal right to edit or correct,... Customary law allows men to have up to 4 wives universities and neighborhood programs a Liberian Odyssey is distinct! Along cultural characteristics form a global one is not exempted from this practice mystery as... Contribution overview Liberians and American music aficionados can be heard in discothèques,,. Wider West African Coast adhan and music related to everyday life called.. Has significantly modified the effect of culture on Employees impacting on clients in Australian and can constitute many elements create... 6 ] `` both elite and non-elite Liberians usually attribute events to the 2008 national,... Foreign investment in rubber, forestry, and no two cultures are exactly the same population... Nation in West Africa located at 6 °N, 9 °W for own! Is also distinct from the Ge'ez alphabet of Ethiopia and Eritrea, N'ko alphabet in Guinea, and raw,... 1858 in which prizes were awarded for various needle arts countryside, rice produced! 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